There are a number of different types of diabetes, some more common than others. The most common form of diabetes in the general population is type 2 diabetes, which often develops from pre-diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is more common in children and gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy.
Types of Diabetes At-a-Glance
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas, the organ that produces insulin in your body. Insulin is the hormone used to control and regulate your blood sugar. About 10% of all people with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes strikes when your body becomes resistant to insulin, causing abnormally high blood sugar levels to build up in your body. It’s the most common form of diabetes
Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar level is higher than the normal range, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. If you’re diagnosed with prediabetes, you need to begin taking proper care immediately because you’re at a higher risk of developing diabetes eventually
Gestational diabetes is an increase in blood sugar during pregnancy. If diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you need to inform your doctor about your symptoms to ensure that your condition is monitored correctly
What is Pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a metabolic condition and a growing worldwide problem that is closely related to obesity. If undiagnosed or untreated, pre-diabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes.
Pre-diabetes means that blood sugar levels are higher than normal but, they’re not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. That means your blood sugar level is 100-125 mg/dL, with an HBA1c range of 5.7% to 6.4%.
In the India, Indian Council of Medical Research estimates that there are at least 77.2 million people suffering from pre-diabetes.
The increasing number of new cases of pre-diabetes presents a national concern as it carries large scale implications towards the future burden on healthcare in India. India has seen dramatic changes in the last 25 years. Urbanization, an increase in wealth, and a more sedentary lifestyle have all increased and contributed to the disease.
What is Type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition when the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar to enter your cells to produce energy.
Different factors, including genetics and certain kinds of viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or your teenage years, it can also sometimes develop in adults.
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Usually, the body’s own immune system — which is designed to fight harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly attacks insulin-producing beta cells in your pancreas. Other possible causes include genetics and exposure to viruses or other environmental factors.
What is Type 2 diabetes?
In type 2 diabetes, your metabolism is damaged and sugar accumulates in your blood instead of entering into your cells, causing high blood sugar levels. With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin — an important hormone that regulates how sugar enters into your cells from your blood — or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal sugar levels. There is a lot written about type 2 diabetes causes but genetics and lifestyle factors, such as what you eat, being overweight and inactive, play a role.
What is Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes means you have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, and your blood sugar levels were normal before you got pregnant.
Women who have gestational diabetes can still deliver a healthy baby. Consult with your trusted doctor. After your baby is born, gestational diabetes usually goes away. But note, that if you have gestational diabetes, you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in your metabolism in which the pancreas can no longer produce insulin to control your blood sugar naturally. So you need to take insulin in order to manage your blood sugar to remain healthy and avoid serious complications.
Type 2 diabetes is a damaged metabolism. A damaged metabolism means that your liver, pancreas, and blood cells are not working correctly. Until recently, type 2 diabetes has been seen as a lifelong disease – with lifelong symptoms including fatigue, thirst, hunger, frequent urination, numbness, blurry vision and even sexual dysfunction.
And until recently, type 2 diabetes also meant a lifetime of medicine. A patient may start out on just one medicine, but that gradually increases to multiple medicines, and eventually even to insulin. Many people are surprised to hear that medicine can help control blood sugar, but it doesn’t bring it back down to normal, and it often causes side effects like weight gain, upset stomach, constipation, fatigue, and more.
You should always consult with your trusted doctor if you suspect you have type 2 diabetes or are pre-diabetic.But with new technology and medical science research, type 2 diabetes no longer has to mean a life dependent on diabetes. Read more about Diabetes Reversal.
Is Type 2 diabetes curable?
Contrary to popular belief, you no longer need to worry about type 2 diabetes being a lifelong disease. Medical research shows that type 2 diabetes can be reversed.