Have you been feeling an inexplicable tingling sensation in your feet for some time? Or a constant sense of fatigue that can no longer be attributed to just work stress? Have the number of trips to the bathroom per day increased off-late?

If your answer is ‘yes’ to one or all of these, you may need to book an appointment with a diabetologist immediately, as these are all the telltale signs of type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that impairs your body’s ability to process glucose and increases the level of blood sugar. Your body either develops insulin resistance or doesn’t produce adequate insulin to achieve normal blood sugar levels.

Diabetes is now a global health epidemic affecting millions of people worldwide. Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes becomes worse over time, causing further health complications that eventually damage every organ of your body. So early detection is crucial for reversal of the disease.

The problem, type 2 diabetes symptoms are often mild or even negligible in the initial years and develop slowly over time. In fact, there have been cases where people have had type 2 diabetes for years and were not aware of it.

This is why it’s incredibly important to recognize the early warning signs of type 2 diabetes. If you feel these symptoms cropping up in your daily life, you need to mention it to your doctor.

1: Frequent Urination

Frequent urination, also called Polyuria, is indicative of very high blood sugar levels.
Your kidneys respond to excessive glucose, by flushing it out of your blood stream into your urine. This results in the need to urinate more often than normal, especially during the night.

An image of a person going to the toilet at night in pajamas and bathroom slippers

2: Unexplained Weight Loss

Noticed any unexplained weight loss lately? Feeling happy about reaching your goal weight? Don’t let the weighing scale fool you! When you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your cells don’t receive adequate glucose, causing unexpected weight loss. Loss of water and calories through excessive urination can also trigger sudden weight loss.

An image of a happy woman, standing on a weighing scale

3: Vision Blurriness

Did you know, high blood sugar can seriously damage the hundreds of tiny blood vessels in your eyes? This in turn, causes vision blurriness. If left untreated, the prolonged damage to these blood vessels can cause diabetic retinopathy, resulting in permanent blindness. Vision blurriness is in fact, one of the earliest symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

An image of a woman experiencing blurred vision and headache

4: Skin Discoloration

When your body develops insulin resistance, you may notice dark, velvety soft patches appearing on your skin, especially on the folds of your neck, in your armpit, or even groin. This skin condition is associated with a high risk of type 2 diabetes.

An image of a man’s neck, showing dark patches

5: Acute Fatigue

Your cells need to process blood sugar to provide you with energy. On type 2 diabetes, the cells do not receive adequate amount of glucose from your bloodstream, resulting in constant exhaustion and weakness. So if you’re experiencing extreme fatigue, don’t just chalk it up to job stress; visit your diabetologist soon.

An image of a woman, who is exhausted and has put her head down in front of a laptop and a cup

6: Urinary / Yeast Infection

Yeast and bacteria thrive on high blood sugar levels. Result? Frequent infection. The problem is worse among women, as they are at a high risk of vaginal infection and other feminine medical problems. You’ll experience severe itching and soreness, along with redness, and a burning sensation.

An image of a woman clutching her stomach in pain, indicating vaginitis

7: Increased Hunger & Thirst

In type 2 diabetes, glucose can’t enter the body cells, due to a lack of insulin or insulin resistance. As a result, the body is unable to process the sugar and convert it into energy. Because your body constantly needs fuel, you feel a sense of acute hunger all the time.

Frequent urination also causes the body to constantly lose water, leading to a feeling of increased thirst and dry mouth.

An image of a man about to eat a piece of dessert with a hungry expression

8: Neuropathy

That odd tingling sensation or numbness you’ve feeling in your hands and feet? It could be a sign of a nerve damage due to excess blood sugar in your body. This symptom gradually becomes worse, resulting in a serious condition – diabetic neuropathy – over time.

An image of a doctor testing a patient’s hand for numbness

9: Slow-Healing Wounds

High blood sugar levels gradually impairs your body’s blood circulation. As a result, the necessary healing nutrients can’t reach the wounds. Slow-healing wounds also cause more infection. Over time, your body’s immune system is also damaged by uncontrolled type 2 diabetes.

An image of a man showing his bandaged hand